Functionalism and Crime and Deviance Essay 913 Words4 Pages Using material from Item A and elsewhere, assess the usefulness of functionalist approaches in explaining crime (21 Marks) Item A Functionalist sociologists focus on how far individuals accept the norms and values of society.
The functionalist approach argues that too much individualism leads to increased deviance and crime. This is because a large portion of the society wishes to behave against the established norms as they serve their own interests. Individualism is a selfish approach towards every aspect of life.
Functionalists focus on the source of deviance in the nature of society instead of biological and mental explanations. Every functionalist concurs that social control systems e. g. the cops are essential to keep deviance in check and for that reason protecting social order. A primary contributor to the functionalist theory of crime is Durkheim.Functionalism and Crime and Deviance Essay.Using material from Item A and elsewhere, assess the usefulness of functionalist approaches in explaining crime (21 Marks) Item A Functionalist sociologists focus on how far individuals accept the norms and values of society.Understanding crime and deviance is important as lower crime rates have positive effects on society; for example property values improve and money saved in the police or prison services could be made available for other social projects such as the education system.
Criminology: Functionalist perspective on crime and deviance The functionalist approach to analyzing deviance and the causes of crime looks at society as a whole. It explains crime and deviance by saying that the source of deviance lies in the nature of society itself rather than in psychology or biology.Read More
The Functionalist Perspective on Deviance The Functionalist Perspective on Deviance Functionalism claims that deviance help to create social stability by presenting explanations of non-normative and normative behaviors.Read More
Merton argues that this theory is the cause of crime and deviance, and is a result of the expectations from society. Marxists would agree with Merton, they argue that society is capitalistic and the capitalist elite create the norms, values and laws as anything that threatens their interests.Read More
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Functionalist sociologists would argue that both crime and deviance have positive functions for society and that they are an inevitable part of social life. Without crime and deviance it would be difficult to establish norms and values and a shared system of beliefs as no member of society would ever deviate from normal social behaviour.Read More
The second main sociological explanation of deviance comes from structural functionalism. This approach argues that deviant behavior plays an active, constructive role in society by ultimately helping to cohere different populations within a particular society. Deviance helps to distinguish between acceptable and unacceptable behavior.Read More
Functionalists focus on the source of deviance in the nature of society rather than biological and psychological explanations. Every functionalist agrees that social control mechanisms e. g. the police are necessary to keep deviance in check and therefore protecting social order. A main contributor to the functionalist theory of crime is Durkheim.Read More
The Functionalist perspective of crime and deviance is: Answer Functionalists believe that crime is functional and necessary for society as it helps caution society about the costs vs benefits of committing crime; it also helps caution society to refrain from being victimised.Read More
Crime and Deviance is part of our society. To clarify the meaning of both words in the context of this essay; crime is an unlawful criminal act, whereas deviance is a behaviour which is not a social norm (breaking the social rules).Read More
One of the ways in which sociologists theorize deviance is through the control theory.This theory was first pioneered by Travis Hirschi in 1969.The control theory suggests that a person who does commit serious crimes is free of any emotional, social feelings and for those that do not commit crimes are able to control themselves to not commit crimes and behave in an acceptable manner in society.Read More